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For Qatari residents: Do you prefer a summer or winter World Cup 2022?

Modern, green and cool

Written by  Author |   Mon, 20 January 2014 13:13

In December 2011, Qatar won the bid to host the FIFA World Cup 2022. From that moment on and in line with the country's 2030 Vision, $200 billion worth of infrastructure development projects were announced in preparation for the 2022 World Cup. Nevertheless, the majority of these projects are of long-term nature and hence, their growth impact will only be materialized from 2016 onwards.

According to the plan, Qatar will spend around $5 billion to build 9 new stadiums and renovate 3, with the 12 venues divided among 7 host cities. The stadiums display striking and dramatic facades and incorporate state-of-the-art technology. The 7 host cities are Al-Daayen, Al-Khor, Al-Rayyan, Al-Shamal, Al-Wakrah, Doha and Umm Slal. After the Cup it is planned to dismantle parts of the stadiums and send them to developing countries to make 22 new stadiums.The capacity of most stadiums will be between 40,000 and 50,000 fans, with one much larger stadium for hosting the opening and final matches, amongst others.

Lusail Iconic Stadium
The new Lusail Iconic Stadium, with a capacity of 86,250, will host the opening and final matches of the 2022 FIFA World Cup. Located in Lusail City, the stadium takes its inspiration from the sail of a traditional dhow boat and is surrounded by water. After the World Cup, the stadium will be used to host other spectacular sporting and cultural events.

Construction status: Construction is expected to start in 2015 and be complete in 2019
Value: $662 million
Matches planned: Opening match, group matches, round of 16, quarter final, semi-final, final

Doha Port Stadium
The new Doha Port Stadium is a completely modular stadium with 44,950 seats. The stadium, which sits on an artificial peninsula in the Gulf, is designed to evoke its marine setting. Water from the Gulf will run over its outer facade, aiding in the cooling process and adding to its visual allure. Fans will have the option of arriving on a water taxi or ferry. After the World Cup, the whole stadium will be disassembled and the seats sent to developing countries to further their football development.

Host city: Doha
Construction status: To be built
Value: $202 million
Matches planned: Group matches, round of 16, quarter-finals

Sports City Stadium
Drawing inspiration from traditional Arab tents, Sports City Stadium will have 47,560 seats. A retractable roof, partly retractable pitch and retractable stands will make the stadium Qatar's premiere multi-use facility in the decades following the World Cup. The stadium's innovative features will make it an ideal venue for football matches, but also concerts, theatre performances and non-football related athletic events.

Host city: Doha
Construction status: To be built
Value:  $251 million
Matches planned: Group matches, 3rd place playoff

Education City Stadium
Education City Stadium takes the form of a jagged diamond, glittering by day and glowing by night. The 45,350-seat stadium will be located in the midst of several university campuses at Education City, easily accessible for fans both in Qatar and in neighboring Bahrain, which will be only 51 minutes away from the stadium by high-speed rail. Following the World Cup, the stadium will retain 25,000 seats for use by university athletic teams.

Host city: Al-Rayyan - Doha
Construction status: To be built
Value: $287 million
Matches planned: Group matches, round of 16

Umm Slal Stadium
Umm Slal Stadium, located in the vicinity of one of Qatar's most historically important forts, will have 45,120 seats. The design is a modern interpretation of traditional Arab forts, like the one in nearby Umm Slal Mohammed. After the World Cup, seating capacity will be reduced to 25,500. The stadium will be used by Umm Slal F.C.

Host city: Umm Slal
Construction status: To be built
Value: $251 million
Matches planned: Group matches, round of 16, quarter-finals

Qatar University Stadium
Replacing an existing track and field stadium on Qatar University's campus, Qatar University Stadium will have 43,520 seats. The stadiums gold facade blends traditional Arabic geometric patterns with free-form open surfaces, conjuring both past and future. The stadium will be used by student athletes following the World Cup, with a seating capacity of 23,500.

Host city: Doha
Construction status: To be built
Value: $300 million
Matches planned: Group matches, round of 16

Al-Gharafa Stadium
The existing 21,175 capacity Al-Gharafa stadium will be expanded to 44,740 seats using modular elements forming an upper tier. The facade will be made up of ribbons representing the nations that qualify for the 2022 FIFA World Cup and will symbolize football and the mutual friendship, tolerance and respect that the tournament represents. The stadium will be downscaled to its existing capacity after the tournament ends.

Host city: Al-Rayyan - Doha
Construction status: Major renovation
Value: $135 million
Matches planned: Group matches

Al-Khor Stadium
Al-Khor is a brand new 45,330-capacity stadium with a stunning seashell motif and a flexible roof. It has permanent lower tier 25,500 seats and the modular upper tier 19,830 seats. The stadium offers spectators a stunning view of the Arabian Gulf from their seats and will be located in a sports and recreation zone.

Host city: Al-Khor
Construction status: To be built
Value: $251 million
Matches planned: Group matches, round of 16

Al-Rayyan Stadium
The existing Al-Rayyan Stadium with a seating capacity of 21,282 will be expanded to 44,740 seats using modular elements to form an upper tier. The stadium is designed with a special "media membrane" facade that acts as a screen for projecting news, updates and current matches. The stadium will be downsized to its current capacity after the tournament.

Host city: Al-Rayyan
Construction status: Major renovation
Value: $135 million                                  
Matches planned: Group matches

Al-Wakrah Stadium
Al-Wakrah is one of Qatar's oldest cities, with a long history of commercial fishing and pearl diving. Al-Wakrah stadium, with a capacity of 45,120, takes its cues from the sea that has played such an important role in the city's history. After the World Cup, the stadium's capacity will be reduced to 25,500 seats.

Host city: Al-Wakrah
Construction status: To be built
Value: $286 million
Matches planned: Group matches, round of 16

Al-Shamal Stadium
Al-Shamal stadium will have a capacity of 45,120, with a permanent lower tier of 25,500 seats and a modular upper tier of 19,620 seats. The stadiums shape is derived from the "dhow" fishing boat used in the Gulf. Spectators are expected to arrive from the Doha Expressway, water taxis, the Bahrain-Qatar Friendship Bridge and the new monorail.

Host city: Al-Shamal
Construction status: To be built
Value: $251 billion
Matches planned: Group matches

Khalifa International Stadium
Redesigned for Qatar's successful hosting of the 2006 Asian Games, Khalifa International Stadium's current capacity of 50,000 will be expanded to 68,030 for the World Cup. The stadium, which includes sweeping arcs and partially covered stands, is the centerpiece of Aspire Zone, a sports complex that includes the Aspire Academy for Sports Excellence, ASPETAR Sports Medicine Hospital and many other sporting venues.

Host city: Al-Rayyan - Doha
Construction status: Major renovation
Value: $71 million
Matches planned: Group matches, round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals

Qatar has already received bids for the first contract tendered for the Wakrah stadium. The 2022 Supreme Committee has received bids from companies for the project and construction management contract for the 45,000-seat capacity Wakrah stadium, which will be located in Al-Wakrah city in southern Qatar. About seven companies were invited to bid for the contract to provide project management, design management, commercial management and construction management consultancy services for the Wakrah stadium after firms submitted prequalification entries. The project management deal is for a minimum period of 10 years. Actually, the Supreme Committee is looking to appoint the project manager before it tenders the consultancy and master-planning contract for the stadium, for which it is currently evaluating prequalification proposals.

Solar power to cool the stadiums
Working against Qatar is nature itself. Despite the hot weather during summer in Qatar, it was agreed that the games would take place in June or July of 2022, during which temperatures could exceed 50 oC. Qatar is in process of building climate-controlled stadiums.

To answer that challenge, Qatar has promised to hold a carbon-neutral World Cup and as such is researching solar-powered cooling technology. It will either create a central solar power farm or have individual ones installed in each of the 12 stadiums it is building. The solar technology will be used to cool the stadiums and to make sure the temperature doesn't rise above a manageable 25oC during daytime hours.

But cooled stadiums are not the only reasons why Qatar won the bid to host this big international event. Qatar has plans to make all its World Cup projects green.

Construction based on green standards
Construction based on green standards is not only about the structures themselves but also have to take into consideration anything that is affected by them. For that, a Qatar Sustainability Assessment System (QSAS) has been adopted as a construction guideline. The primary objective of QSAS is to create a sustainable built environment that minimizes ecological impacts while addressing the specific regional needs and environment of Qatar. QSAS consists of a series of sustainable categories and criteria, each with a direct impact on environmental stress mitigation. Every category measures a different aspect of the project's environmental impact.

To decrease air pollution, all stadiums are located an hour's drive from the FIFA World Cup headquarters allowing fans to attend more than one game per day. Furthermore, a new metro measuring in length 320 km will be built creating additional access to the football fans. All stages will be connected to the highway system in Qatar and providing easier access for spectators. Some of the sites are located near the marina giving even more options when it comes to transportation. For instance, the new Doha port and Al-Shamal stadiums are accessible by water taxis, reducing traffic significantly during peak hours. As for allotted parking spaces, bigger is not always better. All the stadiums have large parking capacities but not over impressive in terms of size. This is intentionally done to encourage people to abandon their cars and use any and all public transportation available to reach the stadiums.

On the other hand, all stadiums are built with solar rooftop arrays that make sunlight accessible. This, according to QSAS, encourages nocturnal activities on site and reduces infrastructure cost and energy use. Considering this might seem cruel for the athletes and audience who will be sitting for hours under the scorching desert sun, scientists at Qatar University have announced finding a solution to this problem by making artificial cloudsto provide shade for each of the stadiums and training grounds during the World Cup. The clouds will float using helium through an intricate system above the playgrounds. The "Clouds" will be made of 100 % light carbon and will be remote controlled. Powered by four solar-powered engines, they will hover in the air to protect the stadiums from direct sun rays, giving an overcast feel during the games.

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October / 10 / 2014
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